Discovery of Brazil


Eduardo, journalist


Discovery or Discovery of Brazil refers, from the point of view of Europeans, to the discovery by Europeans of the territory currently known as Brazil. This moment is often understood as the sighting of the land that was then called the island of Vera Cruz, in the vicinity of Monte Pascoal, by the fleet commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral, which took place on April 22, 1500. This discovery is part of the Portuguese discoveries.

Although almost exclusively used in relation to the voyage of Pedro Álvares Cabral, the term “discovery of Brazil” can also apply to the arrival of the expedition of the Spanish navigator and explorer Vicente Yanez Pinzon, which reached Cabo de Santo Agostinho, a promontory located in the present day. Pernambuco state, on January 26, 1500. This is the oldest proven voyage to Brazilian territory. However, the navigation of Castilian ships along the American coast produced no consequences. Pinzón’s arrival can be seen as a simple incident of Spanish maritime expansion.

The nomenclature of this historical event considers the point of view of the peoples of the so-called “Old World“, who had records in the form of (written) History, and therefore it is a Eurocentric conception of History. It then marks the beginning of a Portuguese colonization in territories that later formed Brazil, through a social construction, more specifically political.