5 of the Most Well Known Fictional Worlds


Prerna Gopinath, Journalist/Editor

Fictional worlds have been a part of the world since people have been here. Fictional worlds are an important part of society and have been around for a very long time. They appear in books, folktales, myths, legends, and many other works of literature and cinema. Most books are fictional and have a fictional world in them. Each one tells its own story and is very different from the previous. 


Middle-Earth (The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R.Tolkien)

Middle-Earth is arguably the most famous of all fantastical worlds, it has everything a fictional world must-have. Created and developed by J.R.R Tolkein, it holds many adventures in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Middle-Earth is part of a larger creation which Tolkein called Eä which consists of Middle-Earth and Aman, which is not as widely known about. Middle-Earth is found to the northwest of our world but it is not always in the same location throughout the many works it is featured in. Many of the lands here are based on places in Europe and Great Britain and some can relate to certain pieces of old English poetry. The most obvious connections to our world are in the climate, creatures, and plants. Time also passes the same way in Middle-Earth as it does here, unlike in many other fictional places where time often passes significantly slower or faster. In the vast lands of Middle-Earth, there are many places like the Shire and more that are “far over Misty Mountains cold to dungeons deep and caverns old”* and beyond. Some of the most commonly known places are the Misty Mountains, Rivendell, The Shire, The Lonely Mountain, Erebor, Lake Town, Moria, and Mirkwood.


Middle-Earth is also home to many creatures from the brutal goblins to the peaceful hobbits, to the immortal elves, and above all a Dark Lord with a wish to rule over them all. The most prominent creatures in the books are elves, hobbits, trolls, mountain giants, eagles, orcs, humans, wargs, wizards, dwarfs, and goblins. Tolkien made this the perfect world and developed an extensive history, mythology, and even multiple languages for the creatures in his stories. These languages are now published and can be learned today. Middle Earth has inspired many people to make many things from Games to College Courses to Museum Exhibitions and has left its mark on the world.

Narnia (The Chronicles of Narnia by C.S.Lewis)

Narnia is a prominent world full of creatures, people, and beasts alike to populate its extensive lands. It was developed by C.S.Lewis to be the place of action in his series the Chronicles of Narnia where fantasy meets reality. This world takes you through the closet into a wonderful kingdom populated by various creatures and magic. Among the residents of Narnia, there are witches, fauns, satyrs, dryads, and other talking creatures not to mention humans. The land has low hills rising to towering mountains in the south. It has a dense forest with marshlands located in the north and the Eastern Ocean that borders the eastern shore.

Narnia is ruled from Cair Paravel at the mouth of the Great River. It is ruled by High King Peter the Magnificent, Queen Susan the Gentle, King Edmund the Just, and Queen Lucy the Valiant. While in Narnia time moves slowly and each visit lasts only a few seconds on Earth, whether it may be a few hours or a few years in Narnia,  the passage of time varies greatly throughout the series. Narnia has witnessed many things in its long lifespan. It was created by Aslan the King of Beasts, a lion who ruled over everyone in Narnia, even the Kings, and Queens. Even at the end of the world during the final battle at the end of time, Aslan’s people who were forced into a stable to find shelter, find Aslans’ Country and Aslan there waiting for them. There he told them that the Narnia they knew was only a copy of his real Country. All the survivors witnessed the end of the world and those faithful to Aslan were taken into his Country, a better version of Narnia. 

Harry Potter’s Wizarding World (The Harry Potter Series by J.K.Rowling)

The Wizarding World of Harry Potter is the most recent of all the fictional worlds mentioned here, but that doesn’t mean that it is any less well known. Developed by J.K.Rowling for her Harry Potter series, this world is truly magical. It has a very different culture from that of the muggle world, this is what the wizards call our world, with magic as an implementation of everything being done. The main point in the Wizarding World is Hogwarts, this iconic School of Magic is home to the most important characters in the book. Around Hogwarts is the Wizarding Village of Hogsmeade, Diagon Alley, Platform 9 ¾, and the Forbidden Forest, all of which are important throughout the series. 

Magic is used in every aspect of life in the world. Pictures move from frame to frame visiting friends, stairs that move and steps that don’t exist, jokes, toys, sweets, books, decorations, and stationery, are all magical in this wonderful world. When we talk about the Wizarding World we can not forget Quidditch. Quidditch is the sport for wizards and is kind of like soccer. There are 7 players on a team and 4 balls being used. It is a great pastime for the wizards and extremely popular amongst them causing many riots and rivalries. Of course, like all the other magical worlds that exist there are many magical creatures like death eaters, centaurs, dementors, unicorns, hose elves, basilisk, dragons, hippogriff, phoenix, troll, and werewolves. The world is developed in every aspect and is very well known today. 

Neverland (Peter Pan or the Boy Who Would Not Grow Up by J.M.Barrie)

Neverland is the fictional island accessed by the “second to the right and straight on till morning”**. This world was invented by J.M.Barrie where his famed character Peter Pan refused to grow up. Initially, Neverland started in a play and it was called “Peter’s Never Never Never Land” influenced by “the Never Never” a popular name for Australia at the time. The land is gigantic yet small enough so adventures are never far away. It is said that it resembles a map of the child’s mind where there are no boundaries. Neverland is an island near the stars of the Milkyway found only by flight and sunrise. In Neverland the passage of time is vague; there are many more suns and moons than on the Mainland, which is the name for the real world, making time hard to track. 

Often Neverland is thought of as a land where no one grows up but the Lost Boys, Peter Pan’s companions eventually do grow up. In this world, the animals are primarily similar to those on the mainland, though there are other human-based characters like fairies. Among the most common inhabitants of the Island are the Lost Boys, Pirates, Fairies, and Mermaids. Barrie developed this wonderful world very well and was a huge hit when it came out due to its love of imagination and magic. 

Wonderland (Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll)

Wonderland is probably the most nonsensical and illogical of all these worlds. Created by Lewis Carroll for the 3 daughters of his friends while on a trip. This world has many absurd things that were written simply to amuse the children. Wonderland is supposedly only accessed by an underground passage whose whereabouts are unknown. The land is heavily wooded with many mushrooms and a seacoast. The land also has houses where many animals who act like humans live. Even though in her dream Alice visited Wonderland it is actually just our world seen through the eyes of a child. 

Ruled by The Queen of Hearts and her husband the King of Hearts, punishments in Wonderland are severe often with the Queen shouting “Off with their heads!”*** The King and Queen are cards from a deck yet they can talk and interact with others. The Queen’s attendants are also from the deck Hearts being part of the Royal Family, Diamonds being the courtiers, Spades the servants, and Clubs the soldiers. Kings and Queens of other suits are often visitors. In Wonderland there are many creatures most of which are based on animals in our world but are slightly tweaked to be made more fantastical. Most of the animals talk and each has a very interesting and amusing personality. Perhaps the most curious thing of all is the fact that nothing in Wonderland is the same for too long. 

These are some of the best and most well-known fictional worlds today. There are many more on the planet, hundreds, thousands more, and all in a variety of languages waiting to be discovered. Each is uniquely developed and has its own personality. So when you’re bored, why not check them out?!


* (The Hobbit, or There and Back Again, J.R.R. Tolkein)

** (Peter Pan, J.M.Barrie)

*** (Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll)