The World Wonders

The+World+Wonders

Nihal McDermott, Journalist

The World Wonders

 

We almost all know about the wonders of the world. Today, we will be talking about the ancient 7 world wonders, and why they are considered wonders as well.

 

Let’s first look at the only one left standing, The Pyramids of Giza. These massive structures were made to house pharaohs. Only three of this immensity have been found. Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura. Khufu housed Cheops, Khafra Chephren, and Menkaura Mycerimus.

 

The second wonder is the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. According to ancient greek poets, this place was close to the Euphrates River. It was apparently for the king’s lover, Amytis, so she didn’t have homesickness for her home in Media. Modern scientists have said that in order for the plants to live, the water would have to have been moved through a series of irrigation pipes. However, there are no first hand accounts of this place, so experts believe that it might have never existed.

 

The third one was a statue of Zeus in Olympia. This statue was created by Phidias and was placed in a temple in Olympia, where the olympic games were held. This statue of the thunder god held mythical beasts in his hands, and armrests in the likeness of sphinxes. It is believed to have been moved to Constantinople, then burned in the year 462.

 

The fourth wonder is a temple for Artemis at Ephesus. Many different altars and temples to Artemis were built there, but this one was the most grand. The Antipater of Sidon wrote, “Apart from Olympus, the sun never looked upon anything so grand. It was designed by Cretan architects, and painted by the most celebrated artists. A greek man named Herostratus burned it down, and said he did it so his name could be remembered. The Greeks then killed him and made it illegal to speak his name.

 

The fifth wonder is the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. It was built by Artemisia for her husband, the king of Carnia. The building had three rectangular layers, each with a different architectural design. The mausoleum was eventually destroyed by an earthquake, and pieces of it were not discovered until 1846.

 

The sixth wonder is the Colossus of Rhodes. It was a bronze statue that depicted the sun god. It was designed by the sculptor Chares, and stood over 100 feet tall, the tallest statue at that time. Eventually, the Arabs invaded and took the statue as scrap metal.

 

The final wonder is The Lighthouse of Alexandria. It was located on an island called Pharos, near the city of Alexandria. It was designed by Sostratos. The lighthouse helped Ships on the Nile in and out of the harbor. Eventually, it was destroyed by earthquakes and pieces of it were found in the Nile.

 

So we can see that the world’s wonders were very different and similar in their own unique ways, like the design of them, or how they were destroyed. But we can all agree that these are definitely world wonders.

 

Sources

https://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/sevens-wonders-of-the-ancient-world