Ming Doong and Shuga Shiraki

Have you ever heard of foreign countries eating weird types of meat, such as crocodile, or horse? Any meat, if prepared the right way, is edible. There are many types of animal meats that you can eat. Some of the basic ones are beef, pork, and chicken. For different animals, there are also different cuts and different ways to cook the meat: different temperatures and time to change the taste. All of these factors determine the taste, juiciness, tenderness, and crispiness of the meat. Although these meats are very tasty, there are a lot of environmental issues caused in the process of breeding them. 


A cow has many different types of cuts. The flavor, color, and texture vary depending on the cut. The following are many different cuts:

  • Chuck: Cut from the shoulder; tough but flavorful.
  • Shank: Cut from the leg; very tough and chewy.
  • Brisket: Cut from the breast; tough if not cooked properly.
  • Rib: Cut from the rib area; very tender and flavorful.
  • Short plate: Cut from the belly of the cow; chewy and quite tough.
  • Flank: Cut from the abdominal muscles of the cow; one of the toughest cuts.
  • Loin: Cut from the back of the cow above the ribs; one of the tenderest cuts.
  • Sirloin: Cut from the back of the cow just past the loin; pretty tender and flavorful.
  • The round: Cut from the back of the cow above the back legs; chewy and tough.

Some of the rare cuts are tongue, neck, knuckle, and liver. They are pretty pricey because there is not a lot of it in each cow. Beef can be cooked at different temperatures and lengths. In steak houses, the waiter asks how you want your beef to be cooked. The levels are rare, medium rare, medium, medium well, and well done. Well done is the most cooked and rare is the least cooked. It becomes less tender but more crispy as you get to a higher level. If you want a taste of both worlds choosing medium is recommended.

Pig: Pork meat is categorized as red meat even though it gets lighter as the meat gets cooked. A pig also has many different cuts. The main cuts are the:

  • Butt: The butt is not even on the rear. The cut is from the upper part of the shoulder. Pork butt can be barbecued, braised, or used as stew meat.
  • Cheek: The cheek is from the inner part of the mouth. In order to enjoy the butteriness of this cut, the cheek must be slow-cooked and braised. 
  • Rib chop: Rib chop is from the rib section of the pig. This is best cooked on the grill or on a pan.
  • Belly: Pork belly is from the underside of the pig. This part of the pig can be slow-roasted, making the meat crispy all around.



Chicken have fewer different cuts to enjoy than cows or pigs. There are only four main cuts, and then the whole chicken. Eat cut has its own texture and flavor to enjoy.  

  • Whole Bird: Eating the whole bird can be nice because you can enjoy different textures and flavor. It can be boiled, grilled, or baked.
  • Chicken Breast: The breast has desirable white meat, health benefits, boneless, and skinless so it is more expensive than most other cuts. Very juicy.
  • Leg Quarters/Drumstick: This is a dark-meat portion of the meat and more affordable. These have more flavor than the breast.
  • Wing: there are two common ways to cook the wing. First is the baking process that will have a thin, crispy skin and juicy meat on the inside. The second process is deep-frying. The meat on the inside will be a little more dry, but the skin will be dense and extremely crunchy. 
  • Thigh: The chicken thigh is also baked. However, the inside will be much more juicy

Chicken is smaller than the other types of meat so you are able to eat it whole and enjoy all of the taste.

Environmental Issues:

There are many environmental issues that are being caused by meat production. The land used to raise livestock can be preserved for wildlife. With fewer livestock, there will be much less greenhouse gas. Livestock produce 30% of the world’s greenhouse gases. If all livestock production is stopped, our global warming problem would be one step closer to being solved. Growing the same amount of food with vegetables requires much less land and water.  Also, livestock pollutes our water sources with their waste. The manure travels through streams and through our water system possibly killing the fish. Eating too much meat hurts the environment a great deal since these juicy treats are such a threat.



These basic forms of meat have many cuts, leading to a variety of flavors. Each cut has many ways to be cooked, leading to even more flavor. There are various combinations that you can make and that make meat interesting. But, it is important to not eat too much meat for your health and for the environment. Enjoying the different cuts, flavors, the ways its cooked, type, and the textures of meat is very fun.


Beef cuts: 

Pork cuts: 

Chicken cuts:

Images: Beef rib:

Pork chop: